Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. In women it is second only to breast cancer in commonality and in men it is second to prostate cancer. In the United States, approximately 226,160 new cases were diagnosed during 2012.
Signs, Symptoms and Diagnosis
Frequently lung cancer is initially discovered on a chest x-ray. Sometimes it is found incidentally on a routine chest X-ray, or an X-ray taken before an upcoming surgery. Other times the person may have respiratory symptoms such as nagging cough, coughing bloody sputum, difficulty breathing, wheezing or hoarseness. Other symptoms may include chest pain or pressure, swelling of the neck and face, loss of appetite, weight loss, or fatigue. Regardless of how the tumor is initially discovered, the diagnosis of lung cancer is ultimately based on a biopsy that is examined by a pathologist under a microscope.
Diagnostic imaging is the cornerstone of diagnosis, staging and follow-up of patients with lung cancer and other malignancies of the chest. Screening and diagnostic service options at Huntington Hospital include:
- Positron emission tomography (PET/CT Scan)
- CT scan
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Bone scan
- CT guided fine needle biopsy
- Computer-assisted Navigational Assisted Bronchoscopy